Explanatory Dictionary

Abscess – is a collection of pus (dead neutrophils) that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue in which the pus resides due to an infectious process (usually caused by bacteria or parasites) or other foreign materials.
Teeth whitening – transforms your smile whiter and faster. Many teeth whitening systems are available, including whitening toothpastes, over-the counter gels, strips and trays, and whitening agents obtained from a dentist.
Alveolitis – an refer to inflammatory dental alveolus in the jaw. Alveolus in the jaw is also known as dry socket. This type of inflamed tooth socket is usually seen after tooth extractions in smokers or people with diabetes.
Amalgam – is a silver- mercury mixture which is used for fillings.
Dental print – is tooth or tooth tissue mold.
Anesthetic – is a drug which a doctor or dentist uses to put you, your mouth, or some other part of your body asleep so you do not feel any pain during dental or medical procedures.
Aseptic – the avoidance of potentially pathogenic microorganism.
Apex – the very bottom of the root of your tooth.
Aspirator – a tube like a straw which the dentist puts in your mouth to suck up all the saliva.
Dental floss – is either a bundle of thin nylon filaments or a plastic ribbon used to remove food and dental plaque from teeth.
Bont dentar protetic – un dinte sau un implant utilizat pentru a sustine protezele dentare fixe sau mobile.
Bruxism – is clenching or grinding of your teeth especially at night.
Periodontal – pertaining to your gums. For example periodontal desiese is gum disease.
Root canal – the space within the root of a tooth. It is part of a naturally occurring space within a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber (within the coronal part of the tooth), the main canal(s), and more intricate anatomical branches that may connect the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root.
Cavity – a small hole in one of your teeth caused by tooth decay.
Dental cementum– is used in crown fixing.
Cementum – a bony substance covering the root of a tooth.
Composite – material used in dental filling.
Dental cosmetic – is dentistry science needing detailed knowledge and an artistic eye.
Dental visit – patient examination in order make a diagnosis and find a suitable treatment.
Crown – 1) An artifacial tooth, 2) an artificial replacement for the covering on a tooth.
Cuspid – the chewing or tearing points of the cuspids, bicuspids, and molars.
Tooth scaling – remove or eliminate the etiologic agents which cause inflammation: dental plaque, its products and calculus,thus helping to establish a periodontium that is free of disease.
Dentina – strat al dintelui care se afla sub smalt si cement.
Primary dentition – The first primary teeth of a child (milk or deciduous teeth).
Edodontics – deals with the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth.
Dental wear – composite and ceramics materials used for covering tooth facets.
Gums – the pink areas around your teeth.
Gingivictomy – removal of the gum
Gingivitis – the inflammation of your gums caused by improper brushing. The first sign of periodontal (gum) disease.
Halitosis – means bad breath caused by cavities , smoking peridodontal disease.
Implant – a replacement for one of your missing teeth. The implant is different than a bridge in that the implant is permenantly attached into your jaw.
Mandibula – your lower jaw.
Maxilla – your upper jaw.
Molar – a tooth with a broad crown used to grind food, located behind the premolars.
Dental obturation – tooth filling.
Ortodonthist – the dentist who is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both.
Dental prophylaxis – prophylaxis consists of removing plaque and cleaning the teeth to prevent cavities and gum disease.
Prosthodontics – is the dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.
Palate – the general term that refers to the roof of the mouth.
Pedodontist – a dentist who specializes in the care of children’s teeth.
Periapical – area surrounding the top of the tooth root.
Periocoronitis – inflammation of the tissue surrounding the coronal portion of the tooth, usually a partially erupted third molar.
Parodontiu – tissue supporting the teeth.
Periodontist – is a dentist concerned with preventing and treating gum disease.
Parodontita -inflamatia tesutului de sustinere a dintilor. Se caracterizeaza prin mobilitate dentara.
Plaque -is a colorless, odorless, sticky substance containing acids and bacteria that causes tooth decay.
Dental porcelain -is tooth restauration modern material.
Pivot teeth – can be used to attach crowns to tooth stumps.
Dental bridge – also known as a fixed partial denture, is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants.
Pulpotomie – indepartarea unei portiuni a pulpei in scopul mentinerii vitalitatii pulpei ramase.
Orthopantomogram – also known as an “orthopantogram” or panorex”, is a panoramic scanning dental X-ray of the upper and lower jaw. It shows a two-dimensional view of a half-circle from ear to ear.
Toothroot – the roots are normally buried in bone, and serve to anchor the tooth in position. They are covered with a thin layer of bone, and insert into sockets in the bone of the jaw.
Enamel- a hard ceramic which covers the exposed part of your teeth. 
Stomatitis – is an inflammation of the mucous lining of any of the structures in the mouth, which may involve the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, throat, and roof or floor of the mouth.
Calculus – a hard deposit that forms when you do not brush your teeth so the plaque hardens. Calculus is also known as tartar.
Trismus – is the inability to normally open the mouth due to one of many causes.
Xerostomi – is the medical term for the subjective complaint of dry mouth due to a lack of saliva.