Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, diseases, and conditions that affect them. Periodontium is the name for teeth supporting structures /tissues. Teeth supporting tissues diseasee are called parodontopathy.
What are periodontology diseases?
Periodontology diseases represent infection of the supporting tooth tissue. Gums are attached to teeth in a V form groove. Periodontology diseases attack this certain groove causing tooth and tissue injuries. While the injury gets worse the gum tissue deepens.
What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is the main cause of tooth loss for adults nowadays. The disease destroys the fibers and bone anchoring teeth in the mouth and leads to loose teeth or complete loss of one or more teeth.
- Periodontal disease is often silent, meaning symptoms- particularly pain- may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease. However, you should still be on the lookout for the signs and symptoms, which include:
- red, swollen or tender gums or other pain in your mouth
- bleeding while brushing, flossing, or when eating certain foods
- gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
- loose or separating teeth
- pus between your gums and teeth
- sores in your mouth
- persistent bad breath
- a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Periodontology types :
- Aggressive periodontitis occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
- Chronic periodontitis results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
- Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases often begins at a young age. Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly obsered in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.
What is gingivectomy?
A gingivectomy is a periodontal surgical procedure which includes the removal of gingival tissue in order to achieve a more aesthetic appearance and/or functional contour. Gingivectomies are frequently performed using electrosurgery to cauterize away the undesired gum tissue.This procedure takes place after non-surgical techniques have been tried.